SYDNEY, June 14, 2022 (Newswire.com) - Actinogen Medical Limited recently announced positive results for Part A of its two-part double-blind placebo-controlled XanaMIA dose-ranging trial, which confirmed Xanamem's ability to rapidly enhance attention and working memory.
These results take the company an important step closer to establishing a novel treatment for Alzheimer's Disease (AD), a condition that impacts over six million Americans and more than 50 million worldwide. Xanamem works in a unique way by inhibiting the production of the "stress hormone" cortisol inside brain cells.
In addition, the company is expanding its upcoming clinical trial program to include a Phase 2 trial in patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Impaired attention and memory, as well as difficulty in thinking, are all common and prominent symptoms of MDD, a disease that affects more than 20 million Americans.
Actinogen's CEO, Dr. Steven Gourlay, MBBS, Ph.D., said:
"The results from our recent XanaMIA trial are exciting and highly confirmatory. We are now initiating two robust Phase 2 trials in patients with Alzheimer's Disease and Depression. Xanamem has the potential to be an effective low-dose daily oral therapy for these and many conditions where it may be used alone or in combination with other treatments."
Leading international cognition expert Professor John Harrison, Ph.D., commented on the XanaMIA Part A trial results:
"These results are an important replication of previous trial findings in a cognitively normal, older population. The positive effects on attention and working memory observed in the XanaMIA trial are a significant step in the development of a new treatment for Alzheimer's Disease with a novel mechanism of action."
Upcoming Phase 2 trial program
The Alzheimer's Disease (AD) XanaMIA Part B Phase 2 trial will be a six-month dose-ranging, placebo-controlled trial in approximately 300 patients with early stages of AD, including patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) as well as patients with mild AD, where some functional impairment (difficulty completing activities of daily living) is present over and above the purely cognitive difficulties experienced by MCI patients.
Effects of 5mg and 10mg Xanamem dose levels on cognition will be measured by the same Cogstate Cognitive Test Battery (CTB) used in the recent XanaMIA Part A trial, supplemented by a variety of other tests of memory, attention, and executive function. Results are expected in 2024.
The MDD Phase 2 trial will be a six-week proof-of-concept, placebo-controlled trial in approximately 120 patients with persistent MDD and cognitive difficulties despite a standard course of anti-depressant therapy. Xanamem 10 mg daily or placebo will be added to the existing anti-depressant therapy and effects on both depression and cognition will be assessed. Results are expected in late 2023, or 2024.
Details of the XanaMIA Part A trial results
Actinogen's XanaMIA Part A trial confirmed Xanamem's ability to rapidly enhance attention and working memory in healthy, cognitively normal older adults while also confirming its promising safety profile.
Key trial design and result features:
- The dose-ranging, Phase 1b trial comprised 107 healthy, cognitively normal, older adults aged 50-80 years who received 10 mg or 5 mg oral doses of Xanamem or matching placebo once daily for six weeks
- Met primary safety, pharmacodynamic, and efficacy endpoints
- Confirmed pharmacodynamic activity for both 10 mg and 5mg dose levels through measurement of ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) response
- Confirmed Xanamem's ability to rapidly enhance attention and working memory in this second well-controlled trial with statistically significant Cohen's d effect size achieved
- Replicated prior cognitive findings seen with the same Cogstate CTB and a 20 mg daily Xanamem dose
- Results consistent with a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) imaging study that indicated dose levels of 10 mg Xanamem daily or lower have high levels of target engagement in the brain
Dr. Steven Gourlay
CEO & Managing Director
P: +61 402 777 730
About Actinogen Medical
Actinogen Medical (ACW) is an ASX-listed, biotechnology company developing a novel therapy for neurological and neuropsychiatric diseases associated with dysregulated brain cortisol. There is a strong association between cortisol and detrimental changes in the brain, affecting cognitive function, harm to brain cells and long-term cognitive health.
Source: Actinogen Medical